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How to Develop Your Note-Taking Skills: 10 Tips for Effective Note-Taking


Note-taking is a crucial skill that can significantly enhance your learning experience and improve your academic performance. Whether you’re a student, professional, or lifelong learner, developing effective note-taking skills is essential. In this article, we will provide you with valuable tips and strategies to help you improve your note-taking abilities and make the most out of your study or work sessions.

1. Be Prepared

Before you begin taking notes, make sure you come prepared. Familiarize yourself with the topic or material beforehand so you have a general understanding of the subject matter. This will enable you to follow along more effectively and capture the most important points.

2. Choose the Right Tools

Select the note-taking tools that work best for you. Whether it’s pen and paper, digital apps, or a combination of both, find a method that suits your preferences and facilitates organized and efficient note-taking.

3. Active Listening

Engage in active listening during lectures, meetings, or presentations. Pay attention to the speaker and focus on capturing key ideas, concepts, and supporting details. Listen for cues such as emphasized points, repeated information, or examples.

4. Use Abbreviations and Symbols

Develop your own system of abbreviations and symbols to save time and space while taking notes. Use shorthand techniques for commonly used words or phrases to speed up your writing and make your notes more concise.

5. Organize Your Notes

Maintain a clear and organized structure for your notes. Use headings, subheadings, bullet points, and numbering to categorize and structure information effectively. This will make it easier to review and locate specific details later on.

6. Highlight Key Points

Identify and highlight key points in your notes. This could include main ideas, definitions, important dates, or formulas. Using highlighting techniques will make crucial information stand out and facilitate quick review.

7. Capture Visual Aids

If the speaker or material incorporates visual aids such as diagrams, graphs, or charts, make sure to include them in your notes. Sketching or drawing simple visuals can help you understand and remember complex information more effectively.

8. Review and Summarize

Regularly review and summarize your notes after each study or work session. This will reinforce your understanding of the material and help you identify any gaps or areas that require further clarification.

9. Use Mind Mapping Techniques

Consider using mind maps as a visual tool to connect ideas and concepts. Mind mapping can help you see relationships between different pieces of information, making your notes more interconnected and easier to comprehend.

10. Practice and Adapt

Note-taking is a skill that improves with practice. Experiment with different techniques and adapt your approach based on what works best for you. Don’t be afraid to refine your note-taking methods as you gain more experience and discover what yields the best results.


Enhancing your note-taking skills is a valuable investment in your learning journey. By being prepared, choosing the right tools, actively listening, organizing your notes, and employing effective techniques, you can develop a note-taking system that suits your needs and helps you retain information more efficiently.

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions about Developing Note-Taking Skills

1. Why is note-taking important? Note-taking helps improve focus, comprehension, and retention of information. It allows you to capture key points, review material effectively, and organize your thoughts.

2. Should I take notes by hand or digitally? The choice between handwritten notes and digital notes depends on personal preference. Handwritten notes can enhance memory, while digital notes offer convenience and searchability. Experiment and use what works best for you.

3. How can I stay focused while taking notes? To stay focused, actively engage with the material, practice active listening, and use techniques like summarizing and paraphrasing. Minimize distractions and create a conducive environment for note-taking.

4. How can I improve my note-taking speed? Improving note-taking speed comes with practice. Use abbreviations, symbols, and shorthand techniques to write efficiently. Focus on capturing key ideas rather than transcribing everything verbatim.

5. Should I rewrite my notes after class or a meeting? Rewriting your notes can be a helpful review strategy, but it’s not always necessary. Instead, focus on reviewing and summarizing your notes to reinforce your understanding and identify areas that need clarification.

6. Are there any note-taking apps or tools you recommend? There are several popular note-taking apps available, such as Evernote, Microsoft OneNote, and Notion. Explore different options and find the one that aligns with your needs and preferences.

7. How can I make my notes more visually appealing? You can make your notes visually appealing by using colors, headings, subheadings, and visual elements like diagrams or sketches. Experiment with different formatting techniques to make your notes engaging and easy to review.

Remember, note-taking is a personal process, and what works for one person may not work for another. Experiment with various techniques, adapt them to your style of learning, and refine your note-taking approach over time.

Can You Get a Job in Canada with a Computer Science Degree? Exploring Opportunities


With the growing demand for tech professionals, a computer science degree can open doors to exciting job opportunities. If you’re considering working in Canada with your computer science degree, this article will explore the potential career prospects, work options, and the steps you can take to enhance your chances of securing a job in the country.

Thriving Tech Industry

Canada boasts a thriving tech industry, making it an attractive destination for computer science graduates. Cities like Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal are known for their vibrant tech scenes, with numerous tech companies, startups, and innovation hubs offering a wide range of employment opportunities.

In-Demand Skills

Computer science graduates possess in-demand skills that are highly sought after by employers in Canada. Skills such as programming, software development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, and cybersecurity are valued in various industries, including finance, healthcare, e-commerce, and entertainment.

Work Permit Options

To work in Canada with a computer science degree, you may need to obtain a work permit. The most common option is the Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP), which allows recent graduates from Canadian institutions to work in Canada for up to three years after completing their studies. This permit provides valuable work experience and can potentially lead to permanent residency.

Co-op and Internship Programs

Many Canadian universities and colleges offer co-op and internship programs as part of their computer science curriculum. These programs provide opportunities to gain practical work experience, build professional networks, and increase employability. Participating in such programs can enhance your chances of securing a job in Canada upon graduation.

Networking and Industry Events

Networking plays a crucial role in job search success. Attend industry events, career fairs, and tech conferences to connect with professionals in the field. Join relevant online communities, participate in coding competitions, and engage with local tech organizations to expand your network and access job opportunities.

Job Search Strategies

When searching for jobs in Canada, utilize online job portals, company websites, and professional networking platforms. Tailor your resume and cover letter to highlight your relevant skills and experiences. Leverage your network, seek referrals, and consider reaching out directly to companies of interest.

Permanent Residency Pathways

If you aspire to make Canada your long-term home, explore permanent residency pathways such as the Express Entry system, Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), or the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). These programs take into account factors such as education, work experience, language proficiency, and adaptability.

FAQ: Can I Get a Job in Canada with a Computer Science Degree?

1. Are computer science professionals in demand in Canada? Yes, computer science professionals are in high demand in Canada. The country’s thriving tech industry offers numerous job opportunities in various sectors.

2. What are the job prospects for computer science graduates in Canada? Computer science graduates in Canada have excellent job prospects. They can work in areas such as software development, data analysis, cybersecurity, artificial intelligence, and more.

3. Do I need a work permit to work in Canada with a computer science degree? Yes, you may need a work permit to work in Canada. The Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) is a common option for recent graduates from Canadian institutions.

4. Can co-op and internship programs enhance job opportunities in Canada? Absolutely. Co-op and internship programs provide valuable work experience, networking opportunities, and increased employability, making them beneficial for securing jobs in Canada.

5. How can networking help in finding job opportunities? Networking is essential for job search success. Attending industry events and career fairs and engaging with professionals in the field can lead to job referrals and uncover hidden opportunities.

6. What are the pathways to permanent residency in Canada for computer science professionals? Computer science professionals may explore permanent residency pathways such as Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), or the Canadian Experience Class (CEC).

7. Is it necessary to tailor my resume and cover letter for job applications in Canada? Yes, tailoring your resume and cover letter to highlight your relevant skills and experiences is crucial when applying for jobs in Canada. It helps you stand out to potential employers.


A computer science degree equips you with valuable skills and opens doors to a range of job opportunities in Canada’s thriving tech industry. By staying updated with industry trends, participating in co-op/internship programs, networking, utilizing job search strategies, and exploring permanent residency pathways, you can maximize your chances of securing a job and building a successful career in Canada.

Remember, while the information provided here serves as a general guide, it’s essential to consult official government sources and conduct further research to ensure you have the most up-to-date and accurate information for your specific circumstances.

How to Study Medicine in Canada for International Students: A Comprehensive Guide


Studying medicine in Canada is a dream for many international students. The country offers excellent educational opportunities, world-class institutions, and a multicultural environment. However, the process of studying medicine in Canada as an international student can be complex. In this comprehensive guide, we will outline the steps and requirements to help you navigate the path to studying medicine in Canada successfully.

Research Canadian Medical Schools

Start by researching Canadian medical schools to identify the ones that align with your goals and preferences. Consider factors such as curriculum, location, reputation, admission requirements, and available support services for international students. Make a list of potential schools to target.

Meet the Prerequisite Requirements

Canadian medical schools have specific prerequisite requirements for admission. These typically include completing specific undergraduate courses in biology, chemistry, physics, and humanities. Ensure that you meet these requirements and consider taking additional courses or obtaining certifications to strengthen your application.

Write the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT)

The MCAT is a standardized exam required for admission to most medical schools in Canada. Prepare thoroughly for the MCAT by studying the tested subjects, practicing sample questions, and taking mock exams. A good MCAT score is crucial for a competitive application.

Prepare a Strong Application

Craft a strong application package that highlights your academic achievements, extracurricular activities, research experience, and community involvement. Prepare a compelling personal statement that showcases your passion for medicine and your unique qualities. Obtain strong letters of recommendation from professors or professionals who can speak to your abilities and potential.

Apply through the Ontario Medical School Application Service (OMSAS)

If you’re applying to medical schools in Ontario, you will need to submit your application through the Ontario Medical School Application Service (OMSAS). Familiarize yourself with the application process, deadlines, and required documentation. Pay attention to each school’s specific requirements and follow the instructions carefully.

Explore Funding Options

Studying medicine in Canada can be financially demanding. Research scholarships, grants, and bursaries available for international students. Check with the medical schools you’re applying to for any scholarships or financial aid programs they offer. Additionally, consider external funding opportunities provided by governments, organizations, and foundations.

Obtain a Study Permit and Visa

Once you receive an acceptance letter from a Canadian medical school, you will need to apply for a study permit and a student visa. Visit the official website of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to understand the requirements and process. Prepare the necessary documents, including proof of acceptance, financial statements, and a valid passport.

Transition to Canadian Life

Preparing for your transition to Canadian life is essential. Research housing options, familiarize yourself with the healthcare system, and learn about the cultural norms and customs. Reach out to the international student support services offered by your chosen medical school to seek guidance and assistance.

Adapt to the Canadian Medical Education System

Upon starting your medical studies, be prepared to adapt to the Canadian medical education system. Attend orientation programs, engage with faculty and fellow students, and take advantage of academic support services. Embrace the opportunities for clinical rotations, research, and community involvement to enhance your learning experience.

Obtain Medical Licensure

After completing your medical studies in Canada, you will need to obtain medical licensure to practice. This process involves passing the Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination (MCCQE) and completing postgraduate training. Research the requirements and steps involved in obtaining licensure in the province where you intend to practice.


Studying medicine in Canada as an international student is an exciting but challenging journey. By conducting thorough research, meeting prerequisite requirements, preparing a strong application, exploring funding options, obtaining necessary permits and visas, and adapting to the Canadian medical education system, you can pave the way for a successful career in medicine in Canada.

Secrets of Smart Students: Effective study tips for high school


High school can be challenging for students, with a heavy workload and the need to balance academics with extracurricular activities. However, with the right study techniques and habits, you can excel academically and set yourself up for success in the future. In this article, we will unveil the secrets of smart students and provide effective study tips to help you maximize your learning potential and achieve outstanding results throughout high school.

Secrets of Smart Students
Photo by Philippe Bout

Create a Study Schedule

One of the key secrets to success is having a well-structured study schedule. Plan your study sessions, allocating specific times for each subject. A consistent routine will help you stay organized, manage your time effectively, and ensure that you cover all the necessary material.

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Find Your Ideal Study Environment

Everyone has a preferred study environment where they can concentrate and be productive. Experiment with different settings to discover what works best for you. Whether it’s a quiet corner of the library or a peaceful spot in your room, create a space free from distractions and conducive to focused learning.

Take Effective Notes

Develop the habit of taking thorough and organized notes during classes. Use abbreviations, symbols, and highlighters to emphasize key points. Reviewing and rewriting your notes later can reinforce your understanding and help you retain information more effectively.

Secrets of Smart Students
Photo by Priscilla Du Preez

Break Down the Study Material

Complex subjects can seem overwhelming, but breaking them down into smaller, manageable chunks makes studying more approachable. Divide your study material into sections or topics and tackle them one at a time. This way, you can focus on understanding and mastering each concept before moving on to the next.

Utilize Different Study Techniques

Different subjects may require different study techniques. Experiment with various methods, such as summarizing information in your own words, creating flashcards, or teaching the material to someone else. By diversifying your study techniques, you engage different parts of your brain and enhance your overall understanding and retention of the material.

Practice Active Learning

Passive reading alone is not enough. Actively engage with the material by asking yourself questions, making connections, and solving problems. Seek opportunities for hands-on learning, such as conducting experiments or participating in group discussions. Active learning enhances comprehension and critical thinking skills.

Seek Clarification

If you encounter difficulties or have questions, don’t hesitate to seek clarification. Reach out to your teachers, classmates, or online resources for additional guidance. Understanding concepts fully ensures a solid foundation for further learning and prevents knowledge gaps.

Stay Organized

Maintaining an organized study space and keeping your materials in order saves valuable time and reduces stress. Use folders, binders, or digital tools to store and categorize your notes, assignments, and reference materials. Being organized allows for easy access to information when you need it.

Set Realistic Goals

Set realistic and achievable goals for each study session and overall academic performance. Break down long-term goals into smaller, actionable steps, such as earning a certain grade or mastering a specific subject. Celebrate your accomplishments along the way to stay motivated and build confidence.

Take Breaks

While studying is important, giving yourself regular breaks is equally vital. Short breaks during intense study sessions allow your brain to recharge and process the information. Use this time to relax, stretch, or enjoy activities. Taking breaks ultimately enhances your productivity and prevents burnout.

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Practice Self-Care

Maintaining a healthy balance between academic pursuits and self-care is essential. Prioritize your physical and mental well-being by getting enough sleep, eating nutritious meals, and exercising regularly. Taking care of yourself ensures you are in the best condition to absorb and retain information.

Form Study Groups

Joining or forming study groups can be highly beneficial. Collaborating with classmates allows for sharing knowledge, discussing challenging topics, and exposure to different perspectives. Explaining concepts to others reinforces your understanding and provides an opportunity for peer learning.

Review and Revise Regularly

Regularly review and revise previously learned material. Allocating time for review sessions helps reinforce knowledge, fill gaps, and prevent forgetting. Schedule regular review sessions in your study plan to ensure a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter.

Practice Time Management

Effective time management skills are crucial for high school success. Learn to prioritize tasks, set deadlines, and allocate time for studying, completing assignments, and engaging in extracurricular activities. Avoid procrastination by breaking tasks into smaller steps and tackling them systematically.

Seek Help When Needed

Don’t be afraid to seek help when you’re struggling. Teachers, tutors, and academic support services are available to provide guidance and assistance. Recognize that asking for help is a strength, and addressing challenges will lead to personal growth and improved academic performance.

Stay Motivated

Maintaining motivation throughout high school can be challenging. Find what inspires you and reminds you of your goals. Surround yourself with positive influences, create a vision board, or set rewards for achieving milestones. Remember why you are studying and let it drive you towards success.

Practice Mindfulness

Mindfulness techniques, such as deep breathing exercises and meditation, can help reduce stress, increase focus, and improve overall well-being. Incorporate mindfulness practices into your study routine to enhance concentration and create a calm and conducive learning environment.

Embrace Mistakes

Mistakes are an inevitable part of the learning process. Rather than being discouraged, they view mistakes as opportunities for growth and improvement. Analyze where you went wrong, learn from your errors, and adapt your study strategies accordingly.

Stay Positive

Maintaining a positive mindset is crucial for success. Cultivate self-belief and adopt a growth mindset, recognizing that your abilities and intelligence can be developed through hard work and perseverance. Surround yourself with supportive individuals who encourage and uplift you.

Celebrate Progress

Acknowledge and celebrate your progress and achievements. Whether you receive a good grade on a test or complete a challenging assignment, take time to appreciate your efforts. Rewarding yourself boosts motivation and reinforces your positive habits and study techniques.


Q1. How can I manage my time effectively as a high school student?

A1. Managing your time effectively as a high school student requires planning and prioritization. Create a schedule, allocate time for activities, and set realistic goals. Break tasks into smaller steps, avoid procrastination, and utilize time management techniques such as setting deadlines and using productivity tools.

Q2. Is it better to study alone or in a group?

A2. Whether to study alone or in a group depends on personal preference and the nature of the material. Studying alone allows for focused concentration, while group study enables collaboration and discussion. Experiment with both approaches and adapt accordingly to see which works best for you.

Q3. How can I overcome exam anxiety and perform well under pressure?

A3. Exam anxiety is common but can be managed. Prepare thoroughly, practice relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, and maintain a positive mindset. Break down the material into manageable chunks, create a study plan, and engage in regular revision. Remember to take breaks, sleep enough, and prioritize self-care to reduce stress.Q4. What should I do if I feel overwhelmed with schoolwork?

A4. Feeling overwhelmed with schoolwork is normal at times. Break tasks into smaller, more manageable portions, and prioritize based on deadlines and importance. Seek support from teachers, counsellors, or classmates if needed. Remember to take breaks, practice self-care, and ask for help when necessary.

Q5. How can I stay motivated throughout high school?

A5. Staying motivated requires finding your sources of inspiration and setting meaningful goals. Break your long-term goals into smaller milestones and celebrate achievements along the way. Surround yourself with positive influences, create a study routine that works for you, and maintain a growth mindset.

Q6. How can I improve my concentration and focus while studying?

A6. Improving concentration and focus takes practice. Minimize distractions by creating a dedicated study space, turning off notifications on your devices, and using concentration techniques such as the Pomodoro Technique. Regularly exercise, eat nutritious meals, and get enough sleep to optimize your brain’s functioning.


By implementing these effective study tips, you can become a smart student and achieve academic excellence in high school. Remember to create a study schedule, find your ideal study environment, take effective notes, break down study material, utilize different techniques, and practice active learning. Stay organized, set realistic goals, take breaks, and prioritize self-care. Seek clarification, form study groups, and regularly review and revise. Practice time management, seek help, stay motivated, embrace mistakes, and maintain a positive mindset. With dedication, perseverance, and these secrets of smart students, you’ll be on your way to achieving your academic goals in high school.

Study Break Ideas: Refresh and Recharge in 5 steps

Studying for long periods can be mentally draining and reduce productivity. Taking regular study breaks is essential to refresh your mind and maintain focus. This article will explore various study break ideas to help you recharge and maximise your study sessions.

Photo by Monstera


Study breaks are short intervals during study sessions where you engage in activities unrelated to academics. These breaks help prevent burnout, improve concentration, and enhance the overall learning experience.

Importance of Study Breaks

Study breaks play a crucial role in maintaining cognitive function and boosting productivity. They allow your brain to rest and recharge, enabling better information retention and improved problem-solving abilities.

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Energising Physical Activities

Exercise during study breaks to get your blood flowing and increase energy levels. Take a short walk, do stretching exercises, or take a quick workout session. Physical activity not only boosts your mood but also enhances mental alertness.

Creative Pursuits

Explore your creative side during study breaks. Engage in activities such as drawing, painting, playing a musical instrument, or writing creatively. These creative outlets provide a break from academic tasks while stimulating your imagination and relieving stress.

Study Break
Photo by cottonbro studio

Mindful Practices

Practice mindfulness techniques to relax and calm your mind. Meditation, deep breathing exercises, or guided visualisation can help reduce stress and improve focus. Spend a few minutes during your study break to practice mindfulness and enhance mental clarity.

Social Connections

Take advantage of study breaks to connect with friends or classmates. Engage in brief conversations, share ideas, or take a break together. Social interactions can provide a refreshing change of pace and help you maintain motivation and enjoyment in your studies.

Refreshing Outdoor Breaks

Spend time outdoors during study breaks to rejuvenate your mind. Take a nature walk, sit in a park, or simply enjoy the fresh air. Being in natural surroundings can reduce stress, improve mood, and enhance cognitive function.

Relaxation and Self-Care

Practice self-care activities during study breaks to relax and recharge. Take a power nap, listen to calming music, or indulge in a short mindfulness session. Taking care of your well-being is crucial for maintaining focus and productivity.

Productive Breaks

Use study breaks to accomplish small productive tasks. Organise your study materials, make a to-do list, or review previous notes. These small tasks provide a break from intense studying and contribute to your overall academic progress.


Incorporating study breaks into your routine is essential for maintaining productivity and avoiding burnout. Experiment with different study breaks ideas to find what works best for you. Regular breaks can improve focus, enhance learning, and make a more enjoyable study experience.


Q: How long should study breaks be?

A: The duration of study breaks can vary depending on individual preferences and study intensity. Generally, aim for short breaks of 5 to 10 minutes every hour or two of focused studying. Adjust the duration based on your comfort and needs.

Q: Can study breaks be counterproductive?

A: Study breaks, when used effectively, are not counterproductive. They help prevent mental fatigue and improve overall focus. However, it’s important to manage the duration of breaks and avoid getting carried away with extended periods of non-productivity.

Q: What should I do during study breaks to maximise their benefits?

A: Engage in activities that relax and rejuvenate your mind. This can include physical activities, creative pursuits, mindfulness exercises, social connections, or simply taking a refreshing outdoor break. Experiment with different activities and find what helps you recharge the most.

Q: How often should I take study breaks?

A: It depends on your study routine and personal preferences. Aim for a balance between focused study sessions and regular breaks. Listen to your body and take breaks whenever you feel mentally tired or lose concentration.

Q: Can study breaks help with memory retention?

A: Yes, it plays a vital role in memory retention. They give your brain time to consolidate information and make connections. By spacing out your study sessions with breaks, you can enhance long-term memory and improve information recall.

Master the Art of Time Management for Student Success in 2 minutes


Effective time management is crucial for students to excel academically and maintain a healthy work-life balance. This article will explore the art of time management, providing valuable strategies and techniques to optimise your productivity and achieve student success.


Time management is organising and planning your time to accomplish tasks efficiently. By mastering this skill, you can maximise your available time and effectively juggle multiple responsibilities.

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2. Understanding the Importance of Time Management

Time management enables you to allocate your time effectively, ensuring sufficient hours are dedicated to studying, assignments, extracurricular activities, and personal commitments. It helps reduce stress, increase productivity, and control your schedule.

3. Assessing Your Priorities and Goals

Identify your priorities and set clear goals. Determine what is most important to you academically and personally. This will guide your decision-making process and help you allocate time accordingly.

4. Creating a Study Schedule

Develop a study schedule that reflects your priorities and aligns with your goals. Divide your time among different subjects or tasks, ensuring a balanced approach. Set specific time slots for studying, assignments, and other academic responsibilities.

time management skill
Photo by Eric Rothermel 

5. Breaking Tasks into Manageable Chunks

Break down larger tasks or projects into smaller, more manageable chunks. This approach makes them less overwhelming and allows you to work on them incrementally, improving focus and efficiency.

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6. Prioritising and Eliminating Distractions

Identify and prioritize the most important tasks that require your immediate attention. Minimise distractions by creating a conducive study environment, turning off notifications on electronic devices, and using productivity tools or apps to stay focused.

7. Utilising Productivity Techniques

Explore various productivity techniques, such as the Pomodoro Technique (working in focused bursts with short breaks) or the Eisenhower Matrix (prioritising tasks based on urgency and importance). Find the best techniques for you and incorporate them into your routine.

time management skill
Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

8. Balancing Study and Relaxation

Maintaining a healthy balance between studying and relaxation is essential. Schedule regular breaks and allocate time for activities you enjoy, such as hobbies, exercise, or spending time with friends and family. Taking breaks rejuvenates your mind and enhances productivity.

9. Seeking Support and Collaboration

Don’t hesitate to seek support from teachers, classmates, or tutors. Collaboration with peers can also provide valuable insights and enhance your learning experience. Engage in group study sessions or discussions to share ideas and reinforce understanding.

10. Staying Flexible and Adaptable

Be flexible and adaptable in your approach to time management. Unexpected events or changes may disrupt your schedule, but having the ability to adjust and adapt will help you stay on track and maintain productivity.

11. Managing procrastination

Procrastination can hinder effective time management. Identify the underlying causes of procrastination, such as fear of failure or lack of motivation, and develop strategies to overcome them. Set realistic deadlines, break tasks into smaller steps, and reward yourself for completing them.

12. Tracking Progress and Adjusting

Regularly assess your progress and adjust your time management strategies as needed. Reflect on what is working well and what can be improved. This self-evaluation allows you to fine-tune your approach and optimize your productivity.

13. Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle

A healthy lifestyle supports effective time management. Prioritize sleep, exercise, and nutrition to ensure your mind and body are in optimal condition. Taking care of your well-being enhances focus, concentration, and overall productivity.


Mastering the art of time management is a game-changer for student success. By assessing priorities, creating a study schedule, breaking tasks into manageable chunks, and balancing study with relaxation, you can optimise your productivity and achieve academic excellence while maintaining a fulfilling lifestyle.


Q: How can time management benefit my academic performance?

A: Effective time management allows you to allocate sufficient time for studying, completing assignments, and preparing for exams. It reduces stress, enhances productivity, and improves overall academic performance.

Q: Are there any recommended apps or tools for time management?

A: There are numerous apps and tools available to assist with time management, such as Trello, Todoist, or Google Calendar. These tools help you organize tasks, set reminders, and track progress, enhancing your time management capabilities.

Q: How do I overcome procrastination and stay motivated?

A: Overcoming procrastination requires self-awareness and discipline. Break tasks into smaller steps, set realistic deadlines, create a supportive study environment, and reward yourself for completing tasks. Finding intrinsic motivation by connecting tasks to personal goals can also help overcome procrastination.

Q: Is studying for long hours or having shorter study sessions better?

A: It is generally more effective to have shorter study sessions with focused concentration rather than studying for long hours without breaks. The quality of study time matters more than quantity. Regular breaks help maintain focus and prevent mental fatigue.

Q: How can I balance academics with extracurricular activities and personal commitments?

A: Prioritization and effective time management are key to balancing academics, extracurricular activities, and personal commitments. Assess your priorities, create a schedule, and allocate time accordingly. Learn to say no to tasks that don’t align with your goals or commitments.

How to Study Criminal Law in the UK: A Step-by-Step 2 minute Guide

Are you passionate about the legal field and interested in pursuing a career in criminal law in the UK? Studying criminal law can be an exciting and intellectually stimulating journey that opens up opportunities. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the steps to study criminal law in the UK, providing valuable insights, resources, and advice to help you embark on this rewarding educational path. Whether you are a prospective law student or someone looking to transition into the field of criminal law, this article is here to guide you every step of the way.

Study Criminal Law in the UK
Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

Set Your Goals

Before diving into criminal law, it’s important to establish clear goals and objectives. Ask yourself what you hope to achieve by studying criminal law. Do you aspire to become a solicitor, barrister, or legal advisor or pursue an academic career? Clarifying your goals will help shape your study plan and motivate you to succeed.

Research Universities and Courses

Once you’ve identified your goals, it’s time to research universities and courses that offer criminal law programs in the UK. Look for reputable institutions known for their strong law faculties and consider rankings, faculty expertise, course structure, and available resources. Remember to check entry requirements and ensure you meet the criteria for admission.

Choose the Right Degree

In the UK, you can pursue a law degree in an undergraduate LLB program or a postgraduate program known as the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL). The LLB is a three-year program for students who have completed their A-levels or equivalent qualifications. The GDL is a conversion course for non-law graduates looking to qualify as solicitors or barristers. Consider your educational background and career goals when deciding between these options.

Prepare for Law School Admission Tests

Many universities require prospective law students to take admission tests, such as the Law National Aptitude Test (LNAT) or the Cambridge Law Test. These tests assess your critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills. Be sure to familiarise yourself with the test format, practice sample questions, and consider taking preparatory courses or workshops to enhance your performance.

Develop Strong Study Habits

Studying criminal law requires discipline and effective study habits. Develop a study schedule that allows for regular and consistent study sessions. Find a quiet and comfortable study environment, eliminate distractions, and use techniques such as active reading, note-taking, and self-quizzing to enhance your understanding and retention of the material.

Attend Lectures and Participate Actively

Attending lectures is an essential part of studying criminal law. Lecturers provide valuable insights, expand on course materials, and offer guidance on key concepts. Actively participate in class discussions, ask questions, and seek clarification. Engaging with your professors and peers will deepen your understanding of the subject matter and enrich your learning experience.

Utilise Online Resources

The digital age has made it easier to access a wealth of resources online. Use reputable legal websites, academic journals, online libraries, and databases to supplement your studies. Websites like LexisNexis, Westlaw, and HeinOnline provide comprehensive legal resources, case law, statutes, and legal commentary that can greatly enhance your understanding of criminal law in the UK.

Join Law Societies and Organizations

Immersing yourself in the legal community is a great way to expand your network and gain practical insights into the field. Join law societies and organisations at your university or in your local area. These associations often organise events, seminars, and workshops that provide opportunities to interact with legal professionals, attend guest lectures, and participate in moot court competitions.

Take Advantage of Work Placement Opportunities

Seek work placement opportunities to gain practical experience and apply your knowledge in real-world settings. Law firms, legal clinics, and organisations specialising in criminal law often offer internships or shadowing programs. These experiences will expose you to the practical aspects of the legal profession and allow you to develop essential skills while building professional connections.

Engage in Mooting and Advocacy

Mooting is a simulated court proceeding where law students argue fictional cases before a judge. Participating in mooting competitions allows you to develop advocacy and public speaking skills, improve your legal research abilities, and gain confidence in presenting arguments. Many universities organise internal and external mooting competitions, providing you with opportunities to hone your courtroom skills.

Choose Specialization Areas

Criminal law encompasses many subfields, including white-collar crime, international criminal law, human rights law, and more. Consider exploring specialised areas within criminal law that align with your interests and career goals. Taking elective courses or pursuing a master’s degree in a specific area can give you a competitive edge and open doors to exciting opportunities in your chosen field.

Seek Mentoring and Guidance

Connecting with mentors with expertise in criminal law can provide invaluable guidance and support throughout your educational journey. Reach out to professors, legal practitioners, or alumni who can offer insights, career advice, and mentorship. Their experience and expertise can help you navigate the complexities of the legal profession and make informed decisions about your future.

Develop Research and Writing Skills

Effective legal research and writing skills are essential for success in criminal law. Practice researching legal precedents, case law, statutes, and legal commentary. Hone your writing skills by drafting legal memos, case briefs, and essays. Seek feedback from professors and take advantage of writing workshops or clinics offered by your university to improve your ability to articulate legal arguments convincingly.

Stay Updated with Legal Developments

Criminal law is a dynamic field that undergoes frequent changes and developments. Stay informed of current legal news, landmark cases, and legislative amendments to stay informed and demonstrate your passion for the subject. Follow reputable legal publications, subscribe to legal newsletters, and join online forums or discussion groups to engage with the legal community and contribute to ongoing debates.

Attend Legal Events and Conferences

Attending legal events and conferences provides opportunities to network with legal professionals, learn about the latest trends and advancements in criminal law, and gain exposure to different perspectives. Look for conferences, seminars, and workshops related to criminal law, such as those organised by law societies, professional associations, or legal research institutes.

Consider International Experiences

If you have a global outlook, consider exploring international experiences to broaden your horizons and gain a comparative understanding of criminal law. Study abroad programs, internships with international organisations, or attending summer schools in other countries can expose you to diverse legal systems, cultures, and approaches to criminal justice.

Prepare for Qualifying Examinations

After completing your law degree, you must pass the Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE) or the Bar Professional Training Course (BPTC) to qualify as a solicitor or barrister, respectively. Prepare for these examinations by attending preparatory courses, participating in mock exams, and seeking guidance from qualified professionals to maximise your chances of success.

Build a Professional Network

Networking plays a crucial role in the legal profession. Attend legal networking events, join professional organisations, and connect with legal professionals through platforms like LinkedIn. Building a strong professional network can lead to mentorship opportunities, job prospects, and valuable insights into criminal law practice in the UK.

Seek Practical Experience

To gain practical experience and demonstrate your commitment to the field, consider working as a paralegal or legal assistant in a law firm specialising in criminal law. Practical experience will provide firsthand exposure to the day-to-day responsibilities of legal professionals, courtroom procedures, and client interactions.

Stay Committed and Motivated

Studying criminal law in the UK can be challenging, but maintaining commitment and motivation is key to success. Surround yourself with like-minded individuals, join study groups, and create a support system to stay motivated throughout your journey. Remind yourself of the rewarding career opportunities and the positive impact you can make in criminal law.


Q1. Can I study criminal law in the UK without a law degree?

A1. Yes, you can pursue a career in criminal law in the UK without a law degree. Non-law graduates can take the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) to convert their existing qualifications into a law degree equivalent, allowing them to qualify as solicitors or barristers.

Q2. What skills are important to succeed in studying criminal law?

A2. Strong analytical skills, critical thinking, attention to detail, research abilities, excellent written and oral communication skills, and the ability to work under pressure are crucial for success in studying criminal law.

Q3. Are there any scholarships available for studying criminal law in the UK?

A3. Many universities and organisations offer scholarships and funding opportunities for students pursuing criminal law degrees. Research and explore scholarships specific to law students within the UK and internationally.

Q4. How can I improve my legal research skills?

A4. To improve your legal research skills, familiarise yourself with legal databases, such as LexisNexis and Westlaw. Attend research skills workshops, utilise online legal research guides, and seek guidance from your university’s librarians and legal research experts.

Q5. What career options are available in criminal law in the UK?

A5. Studying criminal law opens up various career options, including becoming a solicitor, barrister, legal advisor, legal researcher, legal consultant, or working in law enforcement agencies, government bodies, or international organisations.

Q6. What is the average salary of criminal lawyers in the UK?

A6. The salary of criminal lawyers in the UK varies depending on factors such as experience, specialisation, and location. As a rough estimate, the starting salary for a criminal lawyer can range from £25,000 to £40,000 per year, with the potential to earn significantly more as experience grows.


Studying criminal law in the UK offers aspiring legal professionals a rewarding and intellectually stimulating journey. By setting clear goals, conducting thorough research, choosing the right degree, developing strong study habits, and seeking practical experience, you can pave the way for a successful career in criminal law. Stay motivated, build a strong professional network, and continuously update your knowledge to stay at the forefront of this dynamic field. Embrace the challenges, seize the opportunities, and embark on a journey to shape your professional future and the pursuit of justice.


Secret Techniques to Boost Your Memory for Studying in 2 minutes

Boost your memory
Photo by Andrea Piacquadio

Do you often struggle to retain information while studying? Are you seeking effective techniques to improve your memory and study capabilities? Look no further! This article will unveil secret techniques to boost your memory, enabling you to maximize your learning potential and excel academically.

1. Introduction

Memory plays a vital role in the learning process. By enhancing your memory, you can absorb and recall information more effectively, making your studying sessions more productive and rewarding.

2. Understanding the Importance of Memory in Studying

Before diving into the techniques, it’s crucial to grasp the significance of memory in studying. Memory allows you to retain and retrieve knowledge, build connections between concepts, and apply what you’ve learned. Improving your memory will improve comprehension, recall, and critical thinking abilities.

3. Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle

A healthy lifestyle supports optimal brain function and memory. Engage in regular exercise, as it promotes blood flow to the brain and enhances cognitive abilities. Eat a balanced diet rich in nutrients, particularly those known to benefit brain health, such as omega-3 fatty acids. Stay hydrated and limit the consumption of sugary drinks, as dehydration can negatively impact memory.

Boost your memory
Photo by Vlada Karpovich

4. Practicing Active Learning

Passive reading and listening are less effective for memory retention than active learning. Actively engage with the material by taking notes, asking questions, and summarising key points. Teaching the information to someone else can also reinforce your understanding and memory of the subject.

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5. Utilizing Memory Techniques

Various memory techniques can aid in retaining information. Practice techniques like spaced repetition, where you review material at increasing intervals over time, to reinforce memory. Additionally, the method of loci, which involves associating information with specific locations in your mind, can be a powerful tool for remembering complex details.

6. Creating a Study Schedule

A well-structured study schedule helps you manage your time efficiently and optimise memory retention. Break down your study sessions into manageable chunks and allocate specific time slots for different subjects or topics. Consistency is key; regular, shorter study sessions are more effective than cramming.

7. Engaging in Regular Review

Regularly reviewing previously learned material is essential for long-term memory retention. Schedule review sessions where you revisit past lessons or concepts. This practice reinforces the neural connections associated with the information, strengthening your memory.

8. Making Connections and Associations

Making connections between new information and existing knowledge enhances memory formation. Relate new concepts to personal experiences or use analogies to facilitate understanding. By associating new information with familiar concepts, you create mental hooks that aid in recall.

9. Using Visualization Techniques

Visualisation can be a powerful memory aid. Visualise concepts or information in your mind’s eye, creating vivid mental images. For example, imagine a story or scenario incorporating the information you’re trying to remember. Visual cues stimulate the brain and facilitate memory retrieval.

10. Employing Mnemonic Devices

Mnemonic devices are aids that help you remember information by associating it with easily remembered patterns or phrases. Create acronyms, rhymes, or songs that encapsulate the details you want to recall. Mnemonic devices provide a fun and effective way to boost memory retention.

11. Utilizing Chunking and Organization

Breaking down complex information into smaller, more manageable chunks improves memory retention. Organise related ideas or concepts into groups, focusing on understanding and memorising each group individually. This approach allows you to grasp the material more effectively.

12. Avoiding Multitasking

Multitasking divides your attention and hinders memory consolidation. Focus on one task or subject at a time to optimise your memory retention. Minimise distractions, such as electronic devices or noise, to maintain concentration.

13. Getting Sufficient Sleep

Adequate sleep is vital for memory consolidation. During sleep, the brain strengthens and organises memories, making them easier to retrieve later. Aim for seven to eight hours of quality sleep each night to optimise your memory and overall cognitive function.

Read more: Tongarewa Scholarship at Victoria University of Wellington

14. Reducing stress

High levels of stress can impair memory and learning. Practice stress-reduction techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or engaging in hobbies that bring you joy. Find healthy coping mechanisms to manage stress, allowing your mind to focus on studying and retaining information.

15. Conclusion

Improving your memory is a game-changer when it comes to studying. By implementing these secret techniques, you can boost your memory retention and transform your studying experience. Maintain a healthy lifestyle, actively engage with the material, utilize memory techniques, and create an effective study schedule. Remember, enhancing your memory is a journey that requires consistency and practice, but the rewards will be well worth the effort.


Q: How long should I study each day to improve my memory?

A: The duration of study sessions can vary depending on individual preferences and learning capacity. Focusing on the quality of the study rather than the quantity of time spent is more effective. Start with shorter, focused sessions (e.g., 30 minutes) and gradually increase as you build stamina and concentration.

Q: Can memory techniques be applied to different subjects?

A: Memory techniques are versatile and can be applied to various subjects. Whether you’re studying languages, sciences, or history, memory techniques like visualisation, mnemonics, and organisation can aid in retaining information across different domains.

Q: Are there any recommended apps or tools to enhance memory?

A: Several apps and tools are available to support memory improvements, such as Anki, Quizlet, and Lumosity. These platforms offer interactive exercises, flashcards, and memory games to enhance memory retention and cognitive abilities.

Q: Is it normal to forget information even after using memory techniques?

A: Forgetting some information is a natural part of the learning process. Memory techniques can improve retention, but occasional forgetting is normal. Regularly reviewing and practising the techniques will help reinforce memory and minimise forgetting.

Q: Can stress impact memory, and how can I manage it?

A: Yes, high-stress levels can negatively impact memory and cognitive function. To manage stress, incorporate relaxation techniques into your routine, maintain a balanced lifestyle, seek support from friends or professionals, and practice self-care activities that promote mental well-being.

How to Make Studying Fun and Exciting in 2 minutes


Have you ever found yourself dreading the thought of studying? Do you often struggle to stay motivated and engaged while learning? Well, you’re not alone. Many students perceive studying as tedious and monotonous, but it doesn’t have to be that way. This article will explore effective strategies and techniques to make studying fun and exciting, ultimately helping you improve your retention and overall academic performance.

Studing Fun | Stormy Morning
Image credit: Pixabay


Studying is integral to education, but it doesn’t have to be boring and burdensome. By infusing creativity, interactivity, and a positive mindset into your study routine, you can transform how you approach learning and make it an enjoyable experience

Read this: How to apply for a scholarship abroad: The Ultimate Guide

2. Understanding the Importance of Making Studying Fun

Before we delve into the strategies, it’s crucial to understand why making studying fun is important. When you enjoy the process of learning, you are more likely to retain information, develop a deeper understanding of the subject matter, and perform better in exams. By making studying enjoyable, you can unlock your full potential and achieve academic success.

3. Creating a Positive Study Environment

Your study environment plays a significant role in your motivation and focus. Ensure that your study area is clean, organized, and free from distractions. Personalize it with inspirational items, such as motivational quotes or pictures. Additionally, consider incorporating natural light and comfortable seating to create a conducive atmosphere for learning.

4. Incorporating Gamification into Learning

Gamification is a powerful tool that can make studying fun and engaging. Turn your study sessions into games by setting challenges, earning points, or competing with friends. Various educational apps and websites offer gamified learning experiences, allowing you to learn while having fun.

5. Using Technology to Enhance Studying

Technology provides a plethora of resources to make studying more exciting. Use educational apps, online tutorials, and interactive learning platforms to enhance your understanding of the subject. You can also explore virtual or augmented reality applications offering immersive learning experiences.

6. Making Use of Visual Aids

Visual aids are excellent tools for enhancing memory retention and understanding. Create colorful mind maps, diagrams, or flashcards to represent complex concepts. By visualizing information, you can make studying more interactive and enjoyable.

7. Exploring Different Learning Styles

Everyone has a unique learning style. Some individuals learn better through auditory methods, while others prefer visual or kinesthetic approaches. Experiment with different learning styles to discover which one suits you best. Incorporate techniques such as reading aloud, watching educational videos, or engaging in hands-on activities to make studying more personalized and enjoyable.

8. Incorporating Group Study Sessions

Studying with peers can not only be beneficial for academic progress but also make the process more enjoyable. Form a study group with similar-goal classmates and create a supportive learning community. Collaborative activities such as group discussions, quizzes, or role-playing can make studying interactive and fun.

9. Setting Achievable Goals

Setting goals provides a sense of direction and purpose to your study routine. Break down your larger goals into smaller, more achievable milestones. Celebrate your accomplishments when you reach these milestones, reinforcing a positive association with studying.

10. Taking Breaks and Rewarding Yourself

Avoid burnout and maintain motivation by taking regular breaks during study sessions. Reward yourself with short breaks for completing tasks or reaching study goals. Use this time to engage in activities you enjoy, such as listening to music, walking, or chatting with friends.

11. Making Learning Personal and Relevant

Connect the subject matter to your personal life and interests. Find real-life examples or applications of what you’re studying. Understanding the relevance of the material can make it more interesting and meaningful.

12. Using Mnemonics and Memory Techniques

Mnemonics and memory techniques are powerful tools to improve memory retention. Create acronyms, rhymes, or visual associations to remember complex information easily. These techniques make studying fun and enhance your recall during exams.

13. Exploring Interactive Learning Resources

Take advantage of interactive learning resources available online. Many websites offer quizzes, simulations, and interactive exercises that can make studying enjoyable and engaging. Explore these resources to reinforce your understanding of the subject matter.

14. Overcoming Study Challenges

Studying can sometimes be challenging, especially when faced with difficult subjects or overwhelming information. Break down complex topics into smaller, manageable parts. Seek help from teachers, classmates, or online communities when encountering difficulties. Remember to maintain a positive mindset and stay persistent in your efforts.


Studying doesn’t have to be a dull and tedious task. Implementing these strategies can transform your study routine into an enjoyable and exciting experience. Remember to create a positive study environment, incorporate gamification and technology, personalise your learning approach, and set achievable goals. Embrace the joy of learning and watch as your academic performance improves.


Q: How long should my study breaks be?

A: Study breaks should typically take 10-15 minutes, allowing you to recharge and refocus.

Q: Can studying with friends be distracting?

A: Studying with friends can be both beneficial and distracting. Finding a balance and ensuring the study session remains productive is essential.

Q: Do you recommend any specific apps or websites for gamified learning?

A: There are several great apps and websites for gamified learning, such as Duolingo, Quizlet, and Khan Academy. Explore these platforms and find the ones that align with your learning goals.

Q: How can I stay motivated during long study sessions?

A: To stay motivated during long study sessions, break your study time into smaller chunks, reward yourself after completing tasks, and maintain a positive mindset. Additionally, incorporating variety into your study routine can help prevent boredom and enhance motivation.

Q: How can I make studying a daily habit?

A: Making studying a daily habit requires discipline and consistency. Start by setting small goals and gradually increasing the study duration. Find a study routine that works for you and stick to it. Remember to incorporate enjoyable elements and make studying a positive part of your daily routine.

DAAD Scholarships in Germany for Development-Related Postgraduate Courses

DAAD Scholarships in Germany

Institution:German Universities offering development-related postgraduate courses
Scholarship Type:Fully Funded
Eligible Nationality:International Students Check Eligibility
Deadline:Aug-Oct 2023 (annual)

The DAAD is committed to promoting the training of specialists from developing and newly industrialized countries through its postgraduate study programs. These programs aim to produce well-trained local experts who can effectively contribute to the sustainable development of their countries. By connecting these experts with international partners, the DAAD believes that they can play a vital role in securing a better future for all, with reduced poverty, improved education, and better healthcare.

Through the DAAD scholarships, foreign graduates from developing and newly industrialized countries can pursue postgraduate or Master’s degrees at state or state-recognized German universities. Applicants must have at least two years of professional experience and come from any discipline. In exceptional cases, the scholarship can also fund a doctoral degree. This opportunity allows recipients to obtain a university qualification (Master’s/Ph.D.) in Germany, which will equip them with the knowledge and skills to make significant contributions to their home country’s development.



12 to 42 months (dependent on the study programme)


  • Depending on the academic level, monthly payments of 934 euros for graduates or 1,200 euros for doctoral candidates

  • Payments toward health, accident, and personal liability insurance cover

  • Travel allowance, unless these expenses are covered by the home country or another source of funding.

  • Under certain circumstances, scholarship holders may receive the following additional benefits: Monthly rent subsidy and Monthly allowance for accompanying members of family.

Click here to check out this scholarship by The Flemish Ministry of Education.

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Study in Germany

Find out how to apply for a scholarship abroad here.


Aug-Oct 2023 (annual)


The Typical Scholarship Holder:

  • works either for a public authority or a state or private company in a developing country and, as such, is engaged in the planning and execution of directives and projects with an emphasis on development policies having a bearing on technological, economic, or social areas

  • holds a Bachelor’s degree (normally four years) in a related subject.

  • His/her academic degrees should normally not be more than six years old.

Applicants who have been residents in Germany for longer than 15 months at the application deadline cannot be considered

Language skills:

  • For study courses in German (scholarship includes a preparatory 6-month German language course in Germany): Successful passing of the language examination DSH 2 or TestDaF 4 before the start of the study course. Therefore, a minimum German language level of B1 at the time of application is a requirement, that needs to be proofed by providing a current certificate.

  • Note: It is not possible to pass the required German language courses (DSH or TestDaF) without any previous basic knowledge in the German language (at least B1 Level), even with the preceding six-month intensive course in Germany. Passing the language test is a formal prerequisite for matriculation at the respective German university.

  • For courses in English: IELTS (Band 6) certificate or TOEFL (minimum score: 550 paper-based, 213 computer-based, 80 internet-based)

  • Note: Some courses may expect a different level. For detailed information see the relevant course description on the following pages.

Click here to check more information on eligibility criteria.

Find out how to recover from a bad exam in this post here


The complete applications have to be submitted in English or German to be considered.

Incomplete applications cannot be considered.

When applying for more than one postgraduate course (maximum 3 courses), you have to submit one motivation letter explaining why you are applying for these specific courses and why you chose that priority. If this information is ignored, the application cannot be considered or an already awarded scholarship might be withdrawn.

Please check with the requirements of the University whether certified copies are required.